“Look, raptors get a bad rap because people don't understand that they are, and will always be, alpha predators. Our job is to help them... the raptors... understand that we are as well.”
Velociraptor is a genus of dromaeosaurid dinosaur that originated from Late Cretaceous Asia. Highly intelligent pack hunters, Velociraptors were engineered by InGen far larger than their base genome, and have proven to be one of the most deadly animals bred for both Jurassic Park and Jurassic World.
Velociraptor is first unlocked by the Hammond Foundation on Isla Muerta, where they can prove to be challenging to contain, particularly when stressed due to the island's frequent storms. They play a critical role in many missions carried out by the Hammond Foundation's three divisions.
Velociraptor was the first species of dinosaur successfully cloned by InGen in 1986, for eventual display as an attraction in Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar. In total, twenty one Velociraptors were cloned on Isla Sorna, with eight transported to Nublar. However, by the time of the Jurassic Park incident in 1993, the dominant raptor had killed all but two others.
Having systematically probed their fences for weakness prior to the incident, the Velociraptors escaped into the park, resulting in the death of two park administrators, before being killed by the park's Tyrannosaurus. According to a 1996 InGen report, at least one of these Velociraptors successfully changed sex began breeding, though by 1994, no Velociraptors were reported on Isla Nublar.
Similarly, the surviving Velociraptors on Isla Sorna, which had been abandoned in the wake of Hurricane Clarissa, had also begun breeding, establishing nesting grounds in the island's interior. In 1997, a pack of these Velociraptors were encountered, and were responsible for killing several members of an InGen team sent to capture dinosaurs and bring them to the mainland. In 2001, a pack of visually dissimilar Velociraptors were encountered by the survivors of a plane crash on Sorna, displaying extraordinary levels of problem-solving intelligence.
In 2012, InGen began the Integrated Behavioural Raptor Intelligence Study, or IBRIS Project, to measure the intelligence of Velociraptors, ostensibly for an eventual trained Velociraptor exhibit in Jurassic World, while in reality, for potential military applications. Spearheaded by Owen Grady, by 2015, the IBRIS Project actively studied a pack of four Velociraptors—Charlie, Delta, Echo and the pack leader, Blue.
During the rampage of the Indominus rex, which was created primarily by combining the genome of a Velociraptor with that of a T. rex, the raptors were released on the island, and while they briefly acknowledged the Indominus as their alpha, they obeyed Grady's order to turn on the hybrid. Two of the raptors were killed in the ensuing battle, which ended with the Indominus' defeat due to the combined efforts of Blue, the T. rex and the park's Mosasaurus. After the incident, Blue became the last surviving Velociraptor.
Among the most intelligent and most lethal dinosaurs the ever lived, Velociraptors are pack hunting eating machines which hunt together to bring down prey, often many times larger than themselves. Their intellect is only enhanced by their social behaviour, making them an extremely dangerous animal that should be looked after closely. The base genome of the Velociraptor is a plain teal color.
Velociraptor was a dromaeosaurid dinosaur that lived around 75-71 million years ago in Mongolia. It was only 1.8 (6.8 feet) long, 0.7 (1.6 feet) meters tall, and weighed 19.7 kilograms (43 pounds). Its skull was long and narrow, with 26- 28 widely spaced teeth on each side of the jaw. The teeth were more strongly serrated on the back side than the front. The jaws of dromaeosaurs were similar to that of a Komodo dragon, and probably could only deliver a weak bite. The arms are long for a theropod, with comparatively long fingers. The second finger was the longest, with the first being shortest. The arms show signs of quill nobs, confirming that Velociraptor had feathers and "wings". The legs were short and stocky, and not made for high speed chases, but instead for long endurance chases. The feet had four toes each, but only two touched the ground, as the first made up the dew claw and the second the enlarged "sickle claw". The tail was relatively stiff, not allowing much movement for bending, although enough to curl around the body.
The Velociraptor was found in the Djadochta Formation in Mongolia. It is known from over a dozen fossils, the most famous of one locked in combat with a Protoceratops. It is currently unknown how dromaeosaurs like Velociraptor hunted, but it is generally agreed that they did not slash their prey open with their sickle claw. The leading theory is currently that dromaeosaurs leapt on the backs of their prey, using all of their foot claws to restrain the prey while they continuously bite it, while flapping their "wings" to keep balance.
- Velociraptor was the tenth dinosaur to receive a Species Profile, on 23 March 2018.
- Velociraptors can bite with a force of over 8,000 newtons of force, which is the equivalent to the American alligator's. This statistic is based on the controversial study done on Deinonychus, which gave a similar estimate to their bite force.
- The base genome of the Velociraptor is based on Delta from Jurassic World, but cosmetic genes can alter their appearance into a reddish-brown color, similar to the raptors in Jurassic Park.
- Velociraptor has appeared in all of the novels, films and games, including Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis, considered by many to be Jurassic World Evolution's spiritual predecessor.
- The Jurassic Park series Velociraptors are precisely, primarily based on the Deinonychus in terms of build and location, although they are also still considerably larger. The true reason for the name ultimately being changed was due to a study by Paleontologist Gregory S. Paul classifying the species as Velociraptor antirrhopus. Michael Crichton had previously cited this study for reference and also apologetically decided to use the genus name Velociraptor, because it sounded more dramatically scarier. Early concept art for the first film also directly label the creatures as Deinonychus.
- The general consensus in the paleontological community is that birds are direct descendants of dromaeosaurid dinosaurs, and that Velociraptors had feathers, as fossils of some of the specimens' forearms show bumps that appear to be quill knobs. Such structures are also present in modern birds and have been used to give support to the long, pennaceous feathers of their wings in the absence of feather imprints.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 https://www.jurassicworldevolution.com/research Jurassic World Evolution
- ↑ Backdoor of Masrani Global. Retrieved from http://www.masraniglobal.com/terminal/desktop.html
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 http://www.dinosaurprotectiongroup.com/what-killed-the-gene-guard-act.html Dinosaur Protection Group - What Killed the Gene Guard Act
- ↑ Jurassic Park
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 The Lost World: Jurassic Park
- ↑ Jurassic Park III
- ↑ Masrani Global - InGen Security Retrieved from http://www.masraniglobal.com/about/divisions/ingen/security/index.html
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Jurassic World
- ↑ Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom
- ↑ http://media.liveauctiongroup.net/i/8823/10031227_1.jpg?v=8CE71411C11F350
- ↑ Turner, A.H.; Makovicky, P.J.; Norell, M.A. (2007). "Feather quill knobs in the dinosaur Velociraptor". Science. 317 (5845): 1721. Bibcode:2007Sci...317.1721T. doi:10.1126/science.1145076. PMID 17885130.
Velociraptor on Wikipedia